Dr. Joseph Urgo Named New College President

Dr. Joseph R. Urgo (Photo from smcm.edu)
Dr. Joseph R. Urgo (Photo from smcm.edu)

On Monday, Feb. 22, the Presidential Search committee announced that it had selected Dr. Joseph Urgo as the next College president.The announcement marked the culmination of a search which began last April and restarted last October after all of the previous candidates withdrew. Urgo will join the College on July 1, 2010.

Urgo is currently the vice president for academic affairs and dean of faculty at Hamilton College in Clinton, New York. He is also a professor of English, and has taught courses in American literature while serving as dean of faculty. He previously served as a professor and the chair of the English department at the University of Mississippi from 2000-2006.

“I am drawn to SMCM because of its liberal arts tradition, its reputation for rigorous undergraduate research, and its strong sense of community,” Urgo told the College for its press release. “More importantly, SMCM has one of the finest faculties in the country. I feel privileged to have the opportunity to work with such a talented and committed group of teacher-scholars and creative artists.”

Urgo’s research focuses on 20th-century novelists and writers William Faulkner and Willa Cather, and he has written five scholarly books: Faulkner’s Apocrypha: A Fable, Snopes, and the Spirit of Human Rebellion; Novel Frames: Literature as Guide to Race, Sex, and History in American Culture; Willa Cather and the Myth of American Migration; and In the Age of Distraction. His sixth book, co-authored with Noel Polk, Reading Faulkner: Absalom, Absalom!, is set to be published in March 2010. He has edited and co-edited numerous works, including a classroom edition of Willa Cather’s My Antonia, and has written dozens of essays, including analyses of affiliation and collegiality in the academy.

In addition to his scholarship in English, Urgo has a background in the social sciences, having received his received his bachelor’s degree from Haverford College in 1978 with a major in political science. He also holds a master’s degree from Wesleyan University and a master’s and Ph.D. in American civilization from Brown University.

Urgo was elected unanimously by the Board of Trustees.

“As we got to know Dr. Urgo, we found he understood St. Mary’s College, our sense of place, and shared our deep respect for the mission of a public liberal arts institution,” said Molly Mahoney, chair of the presidential search and member of the Board of Trustees.

The fact that the search was closed drew anger from some in the College community, but those involved with the search assured the community that all constituencies’ needs were taken into account.

“Members of the committee, that included all campus constituencies, were especially mindful of their duties and responsibilities to represent their campus colleagues thoughtfully,” said Mahoney.

“At the beginning of the search, the search committee sat down and created a scope document with input from all our constituencies about what we want in a president,” said senior Debbie Travers, Student Trustee. “Dr. Urgo fulfills all of those requirements. Beyond that, he strikes me as someone who genuinely cares about student s and is enthusiastic about the concept of the public liberal arts.

“Under the leadership of Dr. Urgo, I see the College moving forward and becoming an even better institution than it already is. I can’t wait for the student body to meet Dr. Urgo so that everyone can see for themselves how great of a fit he is for St. Mary’s,” she added.

Junior Danny Ruthenberg-Marshall, who will be the Student Trustee for the 2010-2011 school year, raised concerns about the lack of transparency in a closed search–transparency that he said “is critical to keeping any process above reproach.” Still, Ruthenberg-Marshall expressed hope that the closed search would “allow us to land the best candidate available.”

Ruthenberg-Marshall said that the closed nature of the search should not affect student-president relations because Urgo “can only be judged upon merit.” Moreover, he said, “I look forward to working with him…in order to ensure that the student voice is heard at the highest levels of Calvert.”

According to Mahoney, Urgo will be introduced to the campus community in early March. His biography is available in PDF form from the College home page.

Lucille Clifton Dies

On Saturday, Feb. 13 former Maryland poet laureate and St. Mary’s Professor Lucille Clifton passed away unexpectedly from a bacterial infection at age 73.

Clifton taught at the College from 1989-2007. She served as St. Mary’s Distinguished Scholar of Humanities and as the Hilda C. Landers Endowed Chair in the Liberal Arts. During her time at the College, she inspired many students and faculty members with her quiet friendly nature and inspiring works.

“We all knew Lucille as a dedicated teacher and as a beloved presence at the College. What’s not so well known, I think, is how shy she was. For many years my office was next door to hers, and when she wasn’t meeting with students, she played Solitaire on her computer. For me, that image sums up Lucille as a colleague: quiet and frequently alone, but always available,” said Reeves and English Professor Jeff Hammond.

As an internationally acclaimed poet, Clifton wrote several collections of poetry and won several awards. In 1969 Clifton’s first collection of poems, Good Times, was published and acclaimed by the New York Times, as one of the best books of the year. Clifton’s collection Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988-2000 won the National Book Award; The Terrible Stories (1995) was nominated for the National Book Award; Good Woman: Poems and a Memoir 1969-1980 (1987) and Two-Headed Woman (1980) where both Pulitzer Prize nominees and the latter was a recipient of the University of Massachusetts Press Juniper Prize.

Clifton was also the recipient of an Emmy Award form the American Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, a Lannan Literary Award, two Fellowships from the National Endowments for Arts, the Shelley Memorial Award, the YM-YWHA Poetry Center Discovery Award, the 2007 Ruth Lilly Prize, and in elected a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets in 1999.

Besides writing poetry, Clifton wrote several children’s books and a memoir during her career. She also taught for most of her life while continuing her writing. Clifton’s poetry was known for having possessing her distinct voice as a mother and an African American woman and while many remember her poems as beautiful works that changed many lives, they also remember her as a wonderful woman full of life.

“What I remember most about Lucille is her laugh—how you could hear it even down the hall, a laugh from the belly’s bottom, one that shook smiles from all who heard it.  Lucille knew joy, understood how vital joy is to everyday living.  And it’s her moments of joy, both quiet and full of loud noise, that continue to shake me through the words of her poems,” said English professor Jennifer Cognard-Black.

Michael Glaser, Professor Emeritus of St. Mary’s, a former poet laureate of Maryland and friend of Clifton’s, praised Clifton as a wonderful poet and human being who would be missed by all that knew her.

“Those of us who were fortunate enough to know her have been blessed that the paths of our lives have intersected and been nourished by the path of Lucille’s life,” he said. “We are sustained by the gifts we have received and the gifts we have given, and we take comfort in the fact that her wisdom, her heart, her humor, and her love live on in the legacies that are stored in our memories and in her poetry.  Even in our aching, we glow with the light that was Lucille.”

A public memorial for Lucille Clifton will be held in Montgomery Hall 125 on April 10, at 7:30 p.m.

Campus Staff Deal with the Ramifications of “Snowpocalypse”

Photo by Jackson Webb
Sgt. Tony Brooks

After one of the largest snowstorms to ever hit Southern Maryland left the entire campus buried under more than a foot of snow, staff and administrators were left with the monumental task of getting the campus back to normal. According to Derek Thornton, Assistant Vice President of Campus Operations, it was a task the Physical Plant and other offices had prepared for. “We met [with Physical Plant and Public Safety (PS)] on several occasions before the snow came,” he said. Thornton pointed out, however, that at the time of their first meeting (Jan. 30) reports were calling for far less snow (around four to five inches), a forecast that was changed very shortly before the storm.

When it did hit during the night on Feb. 5 and continued into the next day, those employees that Thornton said were “deemed needed and essential,” including Public Safety and members of maintenance and the Physical Plant, were at first simply tasked with the challenge of getting to the school. “Physical Plant employees were very instrumental in making sure they got here,” Thornton said. “They all worked together.” According to Sgt. Eric “Tony” Brooks, supervisor of PS, many dedicated employees that helped during the dig-out stayed on campus for the duration of the weekend, taking breaks in the boat house and using the Athletic and Recreation Center (ARC)’s showers to freshen up between shifts.

Thornton said that the Physical Plant’s work started with opening up the main passages between residence halls and critical buildings such as the Campus Center, Library, and ARC. According to Brooks, this meant at times breaking through ice upwards of three inches thick in some areas. The job was so monumentous, in fact, that the College had to rent more Bobcat 4x4s and hire outside contractors with front-loading tractors to take care of the massive piles of snow.  Brooks said that even though the initial storm was more than a week ago, he and the rest of PS are still working to help students dig out their cars and still check sidewalks for melted snow that has freezed over at night.

Another major problem facing the college is the financial impact of all the extra work required to get the college up and running again. According to Chip Jackson, Associate Vice President of Planning and Facilities and dubbed “the snowman” for his role in college cancellations, over 2000 man-hours were needed to get the college functioning again, costing around $47,000 in overtime pay. This figure furthermore does not include extra costs associated with hiring outside contractors and buying extra supplies. According to Christopher True, Assistant Vice President of Finance, this money will initially come out of college’s budgeted $200,000 for overtime. He said, however, that, “it is possible we could go over for the year.” In this case, Jackson said funds would come out of the college contingency budget, which comes out to $300,000 a year.  Jackson commented that the contingency account was a, “delicate balance…on one hand every dollar counts, but on the other we have to budget contingency, otherwise we would be irresponsible.” True also hinted at a possible state-wide asking for money to help with the costs of the storm, though as of now no extra state or federal funds have been delegated to the College.

Another issue that college administrators may need to face is allegations that during the first snowstorm that members of Residence Life and Professors were notified of the Feb 1 college closing hours before the all-student email was sent out. In the opinions article “Tell us (S)now” from the Feb 9 issue of The Point News, Online Editor David Chase contended that this delay was the result of the “paternalistic, patronizing attitude” of a college administration that wanted to delay the announcement until area liquor stores were closed.  In reaction to this opinion, Jackson said that the decision to close the college is “no exact science” and that the decision is a result of consultation between himself, Brooks, Thornton, and Provost (and current acting President) Larry Vote. He emphasized that, “It is absolutely our intent that when the decision is made everyone gets the information at the same time.” He added, “We don’t play favorites.”

Despite the challenge that staff faced then, and still in some ways continue to face, Brooks and Thornton both agreed that staff had high morale and worked exceedingly hard to make the campus safe. Thornton said, “Response from Physical Plant staff was phenomenal.” Even when a second storm hit on Feb 10, complicating the already difficult dig-out, Brooks said people were, “still gung-ho,” and kept working. Thornton said, “We at first though ‘oh, how many of our staff will be up for doing this again,’…[but] there was no drop-off.” Brooks himself attempted to keep morale high; “I would just get the shovel…and start cracking jokes,” he said.  Brooks added defiantly, “Let it snow some more! I want to see more!”

Students ‘Splash’ into Haiti Relief

Despite the snow still noticeably blanketing the grounds outside the River Center, dozens of students and staff (and two prominent administrators) jumped into the freezing St. Mary’s River for this year’s Polar Bear Splash. Proceeds from the event will go to providing general relief for the victims of the earthquakes in Haiti. (Photo by Brendan Larrabee)
Despite the snow still noticeably blanketing the grounds outside the River Center, dozens of students and staff (and two prominent administrators) jumped into the freezing St. Mary’s River for this year’s Polar Bear Splash. Proceeds from the event will go to providing general relief for the victims of the earthquakes in Haiti. (Photo by Brendan Larrabee)

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About 40 students and staff and two College administrators jumped into the St. Mary’s River on Thursday, Feb. 18 by the River Center as part of the annual Polar Bear Splash. Proceeds gathered from the event supported relief for victims of Haiti’s earthquake.

The participants, many of whom were decked out with facepaint or St. Patrick’s day regalia, splashed around in the water for a minute before getting too cold. “Feels good, doesn’t it?” said Aaron French, one of the organizers, over loudspeaker. Then the shivering participants left the water to towel dry and drink hot cocoa.

This year’s Polar Bear Splash was the fourth installment of the annual event which occurs every February, arranged by the Student Environmental Action Coalition (SEAC). The event, smaller than last year’s, went off without a hitch despite some worries about injury. Last year’s Polar Bear Splash incurred cuts, scrapes and trips to the hospital for four participants. Many had run into the water barefoot, stepping on shells and sharp rocks.

This year, SEAC set up a First Aid Station on the River Center patio and required everyone to wear shoes before they could participate. “I’m happy that the EMT was unnecessary,” said junior Tara Hutton, a member of SEAC.
Part of the safety concerns included making sure that people were safe when they ran into the water. “[Last year] we told people to wear shoes but weren’t requiring it; that obviously caused a lot of damage to people,” said French. As a result, “this year we had a shoe check.”

Participants made suggested donations of $3 to be part of the Polar Bear Splash, a change from previous years. Junior Johanna Galat, SEAC’s president, said that because the event this year had better publicity, SEAC raised a lot more this year than in previous years. Instead of its usual process of donating funds to environmental activism, the organization plans on donating proceeds to relief in Haiti through the organization Trees for the Future. Trees for the Future is normally involved in reforestation projects, including efforts in Haiti. This year, it will also branch out to provide general relief to victims of Haiti’s earthquake.

Two College administrators, Tom Botzman and Chip Jackson, ran into the water as well even though they arrived late to the event. “They went in as a secondary thing,” said French. “But they went in.”

SEAC organizes other events on campus in support of environmental action. Last year the organization arranged trips to Washington D.C. for the climate conference Power Shift and the protest against the Capitol Power Plant.

College Cross-Country Team Holds 24-hour Run for Veterans

The St. Mary’s men’s and women’s Cross Country teams are hosting a 24-hour relay run event in April to benefit hospital-ridden war veterans.

The cross country teams, completing their first season as a Division-III team for the Seahawks in November under coach and Athletics and Recreation Center (ARC) director Tom Fisher, are working alongside the Southern Maryland Vacations for Vets to host the event Apr. 9-10, 5 p.m.-5 p.m.  During the run, at least one of the 15 athletes on the team will be on the St, Mary’s track at all times, mostly in 30-60-minute intervals and alternating shifts.

The program is designed to raise funds for Vacations for Vets, an organization formed in 2007 to provide weekend retreats and small vacations for former military service members in their families, a way of breaking everyday routines in veteran’s hospitals.  Past trips have included chartered fishing tours, boat tours, kayaking, other seasonal activities, and food, lodging, and transportation are provided for the veterans and their families.

The teams are seeking donations and raising money for the event, during which the team will track its total miles accumulated over the 24-hour period.  Half of the proceeds will benefit the cross-country teams for uniforms, shoes, and other necessary equipment, while the other half will be donated to Vacations for Vets.

Anyone interested in donating funds to benefit the cross-country team or Vacations for Vets can do so by filling out a donation form, which can be found on the Cross Country page of the St. Mary’s Athletics website.

John Prendergast: Students Can Help Darfur

John Prendergast discussed the current conflict in Darfur and what individuals can do to help out. (Photo by Kevin Baier)
John Prendergast discussed the current conflict in Darfur and what individuals can do to help out. (Photo by Kevin Baier)

John Prendergast, Former Director of African Affairs at the National Security Council and co-founder of the Enough Project, gave his second of three public lectures as the Senior Nitze Fellow on Tuesday, Feb. 16.

Michael Taber, director of the Nitze Scholars Program, introduced Prendergast and said, “he turns a light on difficult problems in difficult parts of the world and turns that light on us to shine a light on what we can do.”

Prendergast focused on the causes of violence in Sudan and the action that individuals can take to end that violence. He began with the heartbreaking story of Ameena, the mother of four from a small village in Northern Darfur.

Ameena was awoken early one morning by the sound of an explosion. Then she heard the sound of horses “this could mean only one thing, the Janjaweed were coming,” said Prendergast. As she fled the village, two militiamen chased her down.
The first grabbed her five-year-old son, Adam, and threw him into a burning house. “I don’t know what any of us would do,” said Prendergast. Ameena, Adam still screaming in the fire, chose to save her three other children. The second militiaman grabbed her seven year old and shot him three times before Ameena could escape with her two remaining children.

After recounting her horrifying story to Prendergast, Ameena said, “now that you know my story, you must do something.”
According to Prendergast, Ameena is one of three million displaced, her village is one of 1,500 villages burned and her children are two of the hundreds of thousands killed in the genocide perpetrated by the government backed Janjaweed. “The Janjaweed is Sudan’s KKK,” he said.

Although the Janjaweed, an extremist group, is responsible, Prendergast points to a small group of political leaders as those responsible for arming and encouraging the Janjaweed. He said, “it is not a divide and conquer strategy it is a divide and destroy strategy.”

To explain U.S. inaction, Prendergast points to the War in Iraq, counterterrorism efforts and energy. “The US is distracted in Iraq,” he said and, “the Sudanese government is providing information to the CIA” on the whereabouts of known terrorists. Also, China has invested heavily in the Sudanese oil industry and in exchange, Prendergast said, “China protects Sudan in the UN Security council, like [the U.S.] does with Israel.”

Prendergast ended the lecture by talking about the hope he has that the genocide will end and how students can get involved. “We are, for the first time, seeing a mass movement to end genocide,” he said, “we must create political pressure and cover for politicians to do the right thing.”

He laid out five ways students can help. First, join an anti-genocide movement. Second, contact a Senator or Congressman. Third, call the White House. Fourth, write or call local media. Finally, get involved with the “Darfur Dream Team” sister-to-sister school program (www.darfurdreamteam.org).

“We have a lot of potential to impact [the genocide in Darfur], being so close to Washington,” said Shane Hall, Sustainability Fellow, “we just need to look past our iPhones or use them in the right way.”

“John [Prendergast] gave pretty solid guidelines that we can follow through with and gave a global context for the small role that we can play,” said Andrew Reighart, a first-year and Nitze Scholar. Andrew and other first-year Nitze scholars read “Not on Our Watch” in preparation for the lecture. “Not on Our Watch” is a book co-authored by Prendergast and actor/activist Don Cheadle about the genocide in Darfur.

More information on John Prendergast and his work is available at www.enoughproject.org.

New 2011-2012 Student Trustee Selected

Sophomore Maurielle Stewart was chosen as the next Student Trustee-in-training, and will represent the student body from 2011-2012. (Photo by Dave Chase)
Sophomore Maurielle Stewart was chosen as the next Student Trustee-in-training, and will represent the student body from 2011-2012. (Photo by Dave Chase)

During the Board of Trustees meeting on Saturday, Feb. 20, sophomore Maurielle Stewart was announced as the Student Trustee-in-training for the 2010-2011 school year. She will take over the position of Student Trustee for the 2011-2012 school year.

Stewart is a political science major and democracy studies minor. She is the president-elect of Dance Club as well as a Multicultural Achievement Peer Program (MAPP) mentor. She is also involved in Black Student Union and St. Mary’s Votes. When Trustee Neil Irwin ‘00 gave his report at the Board of Trustees meeting, he said that Stewart has a “deep appreciation for what this college is” and praised her for preparing for her role by asking students about their college concerns before she had even been selected.

Stewart was one of three candidates for the 2011-2012 Student Trustee position. During a forum on Sunday, Feb. 14, Stewart and the other two candidates, sophomores Caroline Selle and Mike Young, responded to questions both from a committee of students chosen to help select the new Student Trustee as well as from other students who attended the forum. Questions probed everything from the candidates’ views on leadership to their grasp of the issues facing the student body to the ways in which they would communicate with students and Board members alike.

“I thought the candidates gave complex answers to complex questions,” said Dean of Students Laura Bayless, who attended the forum. “They did a good job.”

For the selection process, students who came to the forum were able to give input about the candidates by taking notes on them and ranking them. First-year Andrew Reighart said, “I think all three demonstrated a passion for this campus…I think all three of them could handle the role of Student Trustee.”

“I thought [the forum] went really well,” said sophomore and Class of 2012 president Stephon Dingle, who was on the selection committee. “Each candidate really showed us their true colors.”

“They all seemed pretty qualified,” he added.

Stewart was notified that she was chosen on the afternoon of Friday, Feb. 19. She appeared at the Board of Trustees meeting, and later said that while “to some it might have seemed kind of tedious,” she was “really interested in what was going on.
“I’m enthusiastic to get to know the school better,” she said. “I’m excited to get to serve all of [the students] and do my part.”

College Professors Discuss Art and Science of Beer

Professor Jeffrey Byrd explains how a combination of materials including barley, grain, and water, are malted, roasted, and fermented to create beer. (No beer was given out) (Photo by Dave Chase)
Professor Jeffrey Byrd explains how a combination of materials including barley, grain, and water, are malted, roasted, and fermented to create beer. (No beer was given out) (Photo by Dave Chase)

In front of a large audience of St. Mary’s students, professors, and community members, College professors Jeffrey Byrd and Andy Koch presented the complicated science and subtle art behind beer brewing, as part of the Natural Science and Mathematics Colloquium Series, Jan. 17.

“It’s a full house today,” said microbiologist Dr. Byrd, after he and Chemistry department chair Dr. Koch were introduced by Physics department chair Dr. Charles Adler.  “How many of you came to learn how to make beer?”

As expected, but possibly to the disappointment of some of the audience members, Byrd and Koch were not giving out free samples during the lecture; the objective was to learn about the process of making alcoholic beverages at home, an enjoyable and surprisingly academic hobby in which both professors are well-practiced.

“So how can we use science to improve that overall product?” said Byrd.  A microbiologist, he began the lecture with the organismal side of the process: yeast fermentation.  Dr. Koch entered the lecture to discuss the chemistry behind fermentation, and how the different products formed during the process can affect the brew product.

The professors continued with a discussion of the process of brewing, which begins with barley malting.    “What you’re actually doing is taking the seeds and allowing them to germinate,” said Byrd.

The resultant barley, grain, and water mixture is dried, crushed, and roasted, a step that can lead to darker or lighter-colored beers based on the degree of roasting.  Afterwards, a “mash tun,” an insulated brewing vessel, exposes the barley enzymes to the generated starches, leading to the formation of a wort, referred to by Koch as the “sweet liquor goo” that will be further processed in later steps.

After malting, boiling the products in a kettle kills off unwanted organisms and creates conditions for further malt processing. The malt product evaporates during this procedure, which can lead to a loss of both the good and bad flavor compounds created, and “hops,” one of the most important ingredients of the process that add a recognizable bitterness to the beer, are added to the wort.

The product generated from the kettle is moved to a fermenter (in home-brewing, known as the Alepail, a bucket with a bubbler for carbon dioxide release), where yeast is added to the processed wort to begin the fermentation process.

“You use a particular yeast for the style you’re trying to generate,” said Byrd.  Each yeast culture undergoes fermentation differently, meaning that the same species of yeast can be used for different products and requires different fermentation reactants and conditions. After fermentation, the final product is lagered (stored) in cold temperatures for further flavor development.

Koch and Byrd concluded the presentation with final remarks about the process.  They recommend following traditional guidelines and procedures, knowing what is in the type of hops being used, and keeping a notebook detailing the procedure used so that the process can be repeated if desired.  “It’s a hobby,” said Koch.  “It’s scientific, but can have a great benefit,” said Byrd.

The Schaefer lecture hall remained packed for questions after the talk, ranging from brewing certain kinds of beer over others to how to avoid “skunking” the final product.

“I thought it was a really good lecture,” said Thomas Montgomery, a senior who attended the lecture.  “I found both sides of the topic really interesting.”

“I thought the lecture was thorough, and it was neat to see all of the aspects of brewing covered from start to finish,” said Elizabeth Bromley, a sophomore at the College.  “They were very entertaining and lively.”

Dr. Byrd began brewing beer with his father in 1976, as a father-son project.  Dr. Koch began in college, and took a stronger interest around ten years ago.  Both professors brew different styles of beer, but both seem to enjoy the art for both its academic benefit and social experience.

This lecture was the third of the NS&M Colloquium Series; the fourth, titled The World of the Future, will be presented as the 2010 Muller Lecture in the Sciences by College professor Charles Adler on Wednesday, Feb. 24, at 7 p.m. in Daugherty-Palmer Commons.

Bernard Uncovers the Social Sciences’ ‘Secret Life’

Anthropologist and ethnographer Dr. H. Russell Bernard visited St. Mary’s College on Monday, February 15, 2010 to lecture on “The Secret Life of Social Science.” He is the former Editor-in-Chief of the American Anthropologist journal anda  recipient of the Franz Boas Award from the American Anthropological Association.

Bernard spoke of how the social sciences, from anthropology to psychology, have a hand in running (almost) everything, even though most people today would never consider humanities as having such an impact on certain aspects of the daily life. “The topic today,” stated Bernard at the start of his lecture, “is not about anthropology, but what I hope anthropologists will take heed of.”

Famous for his work on statistical analyses relating to human cultures and societies, he naturally started by talking on a survey that he conducted which asked randomly selected individuals what they considered social sciences had contributed since the start of the 21st century.

Most of the individuals polled had stated that psychology had contributed and changed to some extent, but almost one-fourth believed that social sciences had either made no contribution at all, or had even made things worse. “We don’t really think of social science as having an impact,” stated Bernard, “but it does.”

He continued on with a discussion of how the act of polling, when mixed with psychology, can greatly affect marketing. This in turn greatly affects the lives of billions of people each day since whenever an individual is polled, they leave a trail of information about themselves behind.

That, he explained, is how tobacco industries in the United States are able to target the youth of the country by placing images of adventure or romance within their ads. This is what they agree will most likely grab the eye of the targeted age group, without having to use any text.

Before Bernard even gave his lecture, though, he took the time to sit down with a couple of students in order to answer questions and discuss anthropology over lunch. “I had a great time getting personalized advice from an anthropology god,” said junior Julie Franck. “It isn’t very often that students get to talk directly to someone who wrote the textbook they are studying from.”

He even found the time in order to visit an anthropology course and talk to the students in the class. “He is extremely approachable and friendly,” said junior Chris Morihlatko, “and was willing to help me out with finding connections for some jobs. Anyone interested in anthropology or sociology should take the time to read his material.”

Bernard was also able to produce some laughs from the gathered students, professors, and St. Mary’s community members during his lecture when he discussed how Queen Elizabeth created, in 1566, what could be considered the first lottery in order to help pay for taxes. “Lotteries,” Bernard said. “A tax on people who were bad at math!”

Overall, most attendees who were able to meet with Bernard before or after the lecture enjoyed his enthusiasm about the field of anthropology and his eagerness to hear everyone else’s stories. “He gave me personalized advice,” said Franck, “listened to my plans and made me even more enthusiastic to accomplish anything nearly as influential as his work.”