Toy Story: The Historical Playset in Post-War America

Professor Jeffrey Hammond lectured on the history of his collection of Louis Marx toys. by Brendan O’Hara
Professor Jeffrey Hammond lectured on the history of his collection of Louis Marx toys. by Brendan O’Hara

For Jeffrey Hammond, collecting toys from his childhood became an expensive way to procrastinate. Hammond’s Oct. 2 lecture on the 1950’s American “boy’s toy” playset was held in Cole Cinema and dedicated to a baby girl born that morning to a member of the English faculty.

Hammond explained that his collection of Louis Marx toys happened by chance: he purchased them all off E-bay while he should have been doing more important work.  After a few years, he found himself with over 1,000 plastic figures and an amazing amount of knowledge about them.

Louis Marx was once called the Henry Ford of toys.  On December 12, 1955, he was on the cover of Time magazine along with Santa.  Santa was in the background with a slight scowl on his face while Marx smiled jovially in front of him.  Marx was so well known that in one year he spent only $312 on advertisements despite the fact that he was in the Golden Age of Advertisement.

Because his playsets only cost around $5 or $7, they were available even to the working class.  Any boy that wanted to could play with a Marx set.  The sets had an outsider’s insight into America.  Marx was an immigrant and thus saw America as a country that always came out on top, despite historical facts.  He once told his daughter, “You are an American, do your best.”  The toy sets represented a war between “us” and “them”.  By allowing young boys to control their own World Wars or Alamos, Marx gave America another chance to win and to come out on top.  They were able to “replace a troubled past with a privileged future,” Hammond explained.

Boys lived vicariously through the toy sets.  However, the only sets available were of wars.  Hammond remarked that this may be why boys learned to play rough.  Some of the toy sets were of historical events but others were of fake events making fact and fiction blur together.  Kids “don’t care if a story is true, as long as it’s good,” said Hammond.

“These were just toys,” Hammond said, yet even with toys the winner wrote the history.

The lecture was part of the Reeves Lecture series, which is provided by the George B. and Willma Reeves Endowed Chair in the Liberal Arts.  Professor of English, Jeffrey Hammond, has held the Reeves Chair since 2001.  Hammond has been recognized on a national level for his numerous books.  In his work This Place Where We Are, he depicted Saint Mary’s City, including the College where he has been teaching since 1990.

“Iron Man” Brian Boyle Recounts his Struggle

Iron Heart

It’s hard to appreciate what we have until we lose it. None can relate to this sentiment more fully than senior Brian Boyle, who has gone through the experience of losing the most precious thing possible: his life.

On Oct. 1, 2009, the world will have an opportunity to read about Boyle’s experience of surviving a deadly accident first-hand in his book Iron Heart: The True Story of How I Came Back from the Dead. Published by Skyhorse Publishing, the book will soon be available in national bookstores like Barnes and Noble, online sites like Amazon.com, and at the campus bookstore. Running at about 250 pages, Iron Heart covers this survivor’s tale of going from being bed-ridden and expected to never be able to walk again to becoming an accomplished triathlon iron man.

“Brian’s story of courage and recovery was so compelling it didn’t take much convincing at all to agree to publish his memoir. When you know his story, and how lucky he is to be alive, you can’t help but be amazed and be thankful that good things do happen to good people,” said Thomas Semosh of Skyhorse Publishing.

His surreal story began on July 6, 2004, when, on his way home from swim practice, Boyle’s car was plowed into by a dump truck on the driver’s side. The impact resulted in major bones breaking, major organs sliding out of place, including his heart, and a loss of six percent of his blood.
At Prince George’s Hospital, Boyle underwent fourteen operations, including 36 blood transfusions and three open-chest procedures. The pain of the injuries and the extent of the operations was such that doctors had no choice but to induce a coma. When Boyle woke up a month and a half later, he was paralyzed, weighed one hundred pounds less, and was unable to communicate for weeks.

“The doctors said I died several times while in the hospital, but I don’t remember any of it,” said Boyle. What he does remember is having continuous hallucinations and nightmares during the coma. As an art major, Boyle has been able to use his art as an outlet for expressing his thoughts about the ordeal.
“For awhile the only colors I used for my artwork were white, black and red, which kind of represented life, death, and blood, or the in-between stage, for me. It was my outlet for all the grief and anguish I felt that I couldn’t express in words, and it allowed me to confront the situation, gain understanding, and move on,” said Brian.

Another outlet for expressing his confusion and frustration during the ordeal was through writing in a journal. After returning to the hospital in November 2004 after a couple months of re-learning how to walk and do other necessary skills like eat, his doctors suggested starting a log-book of his thoughts to make sure his mental therapy was keeping up with the physical therapy. The journal consequently morphed into Iron Heart during the course of about half a year with the help of editor and mentor Bill Katovsky.

“While I occasionally guided his pen, his heart and soul are at the core of his memoir, making it remarkable and one-of-a-kind. I did push Brian to dig deeper at times since I felt that the trauma of the accident and hospitalization still affected him, but he came through like a real Ironman,” said Katovsky.
Unlike his dreams of the future after the accident, which were essentially nonexistent, Boyle is now expecting to graduate in May with a degree in Art and go on to work in graphic design and marketing. Competing and training in triathlons has also taken a spot in his everyday life now. Having competed in 14 tournaments, Boyle has successfully come out of the experience with a positive outlook on life.

“I remember thinking while sitting in a wheelchair in the hospital that a lot of the people there were never going to be able to leave, but I was, so I should use my recovery as a way to give them a boost, or hope. This book has been a way for me to spread my positivity to others, give thanks, and give credit where credit’s due.”

Recreated Chapel Unlocked in St. Mary’s City

College students and St. Mary’s residents gather to watch the unlocking of the recreated historic Roman Catholic chapel in St. Mary’s City. (Photos By Brendan O’Hara)
College students and St. Mary’s residents gather to watch the unlocking of the recreated historic Roman Catholic chapel in St. Mary’s City. (Photos By Brendan O’Hara)

On Sunday, Sept. 20, the recreated Roman Catholic brick chapel at Historic St. Mary’s City was ceremonially opened to the public. Governor Seymour locked the chapel in 1704, intending that it never again be used as a place of worship.

St. Mary’s City, founded by the Calvert family, was valued as an experiment in religious toleration. “Religion determined who you were, who you married, who your friends were, your chances of political freedom and economic success, your very existence,” said Silas D. Hurry, Historic St. Mary’s City’s Curator of Collections and Archeology Laboratory Director.

According to Douglas Horhorta, a site manager for Historic St. Mary’s City, the doors of the Catholic Church were closed in 1704 to ensure that the colonists’ offerings did not go to the Catholic Church. “A lot of it’s about money,” he said. Calvert’s experiment in religious toleration had ended.

Excavations beginning in 1988 revealed the foundation of the brick chapel. “The foundation was massive by 17th century Chesapeake standards,” said Hurry.
The width and depth of the foundation suggested the building was about 23 feet tall at the eaves. Further excavation uncovered shards of glass, flat roof tiles, traces of plaster, and special stucco-like bricks. Archeologists then turned to other examples of chapels in order to determine a pattern for their design and construction, but this proved to be difficult.

“Given the ever tenuous position of Roman Catholics in England, it seems likely that there was an attempt to leave as little paper trail as possible,” said Hurry.
There is but one modern description of the chapel, and there are no surviving Catholic churches built in 17th century England. According to Hurry, much of the actual archeology to understand the building is the fruit of SMCM students in the archeological field school program.

After the ceremony, artifacts from the chapel excavations were on display and light refreshments were served.

The chapel will be open to the public during museum hours, and an interpretive pavilion is expected to be open to the public in summer 2010.

Variety at Semester’s First Coffeehouse

TJ Shea (Front) and Mike Virga (Back) play at the first Coffeehouse of the Year (Photo by Tom Keen)
TJ Shea (Front) and Mike Virga (Back) play at the first Coffeehouse of the Year (Photo by Tom Keen)

An energetic crowd gathered last Thursday, September 17, for the semester’s first Coffeehouse.  The Daily Grind hummed with the electricity of guitar amplifiers and great tunes and the acts proved to be lively and entertaining.

First up was Hydrofish, the self-proclaimed (and self-crowned) “Jazz Masters, the Masters of Jazz.”  Hydrofish masterminds Reid Levin and Dom Morris serenaded the Grind crowd with such heart-felt songs as “Die Southern Continent of Australia” and “Your Parents Don’t Love You, They Wish They Had an Abortion.”  The masterful saga “Firecracker Love” was a hit, and their semi-majestic jazz exposition of our national anthem was a great finale.  In short, Hydrofish can only be described as a cosmic toilet flush of sound and disharmony that you have to hear for yourself.

Next was a solo act by Gino Hannah, a Jack Johnson-esque acoustic guitarist whose nostalgic performance of the Toy Story classic “You Got a Friend in Me” was an audience favorite.  Gino also presented a couple of his own songs, and he finished with a soulful rendition of “Hollaback Girl” that drove the crowd to tears… of laughter.

TJ Shea and Mike Virga, an electric and acoustic guitar duo, delivered a set of well-known and well-loved Beatles tunes in honor of the recent release of the band’s digitally re-mastered studio collection.  They certainly did not need “Help” producing a full sound, complete with a solo guitar part on “Something” and “While My Guitar Gently Weeps” and an excellent backing acoustic part on “Yesterday” and “Eight Days a Week.”  The set would have made “Her Majesty” proud, and in “The End”, with a little help from their audience, they wrapped up with “Hey Jude.”

Last but not least was Chris Blocker, who, armed with a pawn shop guitar, laid down a steady barrage of machine gun strumming.  Opening with Beck’s “Nightmare Hippie Girl,” Chris went on to perform four songs of his own, including “My Extra Arm” and “Masochist Too.”  Chris’s edgy lyrics and impassioned guitar work came from the heart, and after a while of intense playing he had to borrow a guitar from a previous set for him to finish his own.  But Chris describes his material best: “This is the background music to your f***ed up relationship,” he said.  He finished up with a Leadbelly classic made famous by Kurt Cobain entitled “Where Did You Sleep Last Night?”

This eclectic group of musicians was only a small representation of the talent at St. Mary’s College. If you play guitar, keyboard, accordion, xylophone, sitar or anything else, contact Coffeehouse coordinator Meghan Milstead at mcmilsted@smcm.edu. Coffeehouse will be playing every Thursday this semester at 8:00pm at the Student Center Patio.

Student Trustee

Hi St. Mary’s!

As I’m sure you all know, we’re in the process of bringing the presidential candidates on campus to visit and meet with the college community.  The search committee has been working really hard all summer to narrow down the finalists and bring them to campus and now its time for us as student to do our part!  There is an open forum for students to go to every day that the candidates will be on campus, so try to take some time out of your schedule to meet the candidates!  For information on the candidate’s visit schedule, check out www.smcm.edu/presidentialsearch.  For information on who the candidates are and to submit your feedback on them, log on to the Portal and look for the “Presidential Search” tab.

In other new, the Board of Trustees meets four times a year and the first quarterly meeting of the year is coming up on October 3rd!  These meetings are where many of the important decisions about the College are made. The general session is open to the public, so be sure to come and observe the session if you’re interested!

I have a sort of silly favor to ask of you all.  I absolutely love it when people come up to me on the path or see me around campus and talk to me about the presidential search or campus issues, but I am really terrible with names.  I always feel guilty when you know who I am but I don’t know who you are, so if you could introduce yourself (or even add me on Facebook later!), it would help me a ton.  Speaking of campus issues, how is your semester going?  What’s your favorite class?  What concerns do you have?  Are there any campus issues that you feel aren’t getting enough attention or that aren’t being resolved?  Let me know!  Send me an email at dmtravers@smcm.edu or catch me on the path!

Have a great week!

St. Mary’s Professors Publish Over Summer

Two St. Mary’s professors had books published this past summer.  Religious Studies professor Björn Krondorfer released a book focusing on the role of men in religion.  French professor Laine Doggett, who is currently on sabbatical, released a book that analyzes medieval French love stories.

Krondorfer’s work, Men and Masculinities in Christianity and Judaism: A Critical Reader, provides insight into the historical role of men in religion.  It analyzes how men have shaped and contributed to normative and alternative pathways in Christianity and Judaism.  He sought out to answer questions concerning, “What can we learn about man representing themselves, what can we learn about man misrepresenting themselves?”

Krondorfer pulled various writings from the last 25 years that were previously published in sub-disciplines in this area.  “My hope is that this defines the contours of this field in religious studies,” he said.

Krondorfer is a Professor of Religious Studies and the Department Chair for Philosophy and Religious Studies.  He is in his 16th year at St. Mary’s. Last year, he taught a class devoted to the role of masculinity in religion and plans on teaching the course again next year.  The newly published book will be a required reading for his class.

Krondorfer is currently completing his second book on the same topic, titled Male Confessions: Intimate Revelations and the Religious Imagination.  It is expected to be released in 2010 with Stanford University Press.

Doggett is an Associate Professor of French.  Her book, Love Cures: Healing and Love Magic in Old French Romance, seeks to correct misinterpretations by past critics of love magic in romance.   She focuses on French love stories from the late 12th and early 13th centuries to examine how love can actually heal people.

According to Doggett, most people view that time period from a 20th or 21st century perspective.  People have trouble accepting that anything besides modern medicine has the power to heal.  “[These ideas] have been pushed aside by modern readers,” Doggett said.

Although the book is too specific to be used as a required reading in any of her courses, Doggett’s Intro to French course incorporates many of the same topics.

Stewart Lectures on Origins of Constitution Day

David O. Stewart, author of the bestseller The Summer of 1787, The Men Who Invented the Constitution (Photo by Dave Chase, Online Editor)
David O. Stewart, author of the bestseller The Summer of 1787, The Men Who Invented the Constitution (Photo by Dave Chase, Online Editor)

On Thursday, September 17, the Center for the Study of Democracy sponsored a lecture on Constitution Day.  Constitution Day, which commemorates the anniversary of the creation of the Constitution of the United States, was first federally recognized in 2004.  The lecture was given by David O. Stewart, author of the bestseller The Summer of 1787, The Men Who Invented the Constitution.

Professor Michael Cain prefaced the lecture by discussing what Constitution Day is and why a United States Constitution was so necessary.  He also talked about the Center for the Study of Democracy and its upcoming programs and explained that Stewart’s book focuses on the events that occurred during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which resulted in the Constitution that we have today.

By the time David O. Stewart began his lecture on the men who framed the United States Constitution, Cole Cinema was filled to capacity with students and members of the community.

Stewart began the lecture by describing the problems that existed in the United States before the creation of the Constitution, describing why the Constitution was so essential to the longevity of the country.  The pre-Constitution United States had numerous issues, from a lack of a common currency to interstate fighting and rebellions throughout the East coast.

Stewart himself said that he “was very surprised by the impact that slavery had on how the Constitution was constructed, that it was such a large factor.”

The focal point of Stewart’s lecture was his assertion that of the fifty-five delegates who participated in the Constitutional Convention, there were six whose contributions to the Constitution were clearly identifiable and significant.

The six men included well-known politicians like George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and James Madison, but also included some like John Rutledge, James Wilson and Governor Morris.  Rutledge was on a number of committees that designed many aspects of the Constitution, while Wilson came up with the 3/5th Compromise and the Electoral College.  Governor Morris gave the first abolitionist speech in American history after the 3/5th Compromise was discussed and eventually wrote the final version of the Constitution which is in use today.

Sophomore Samantha Rockler said that “he really made [The Framers of the Constitution] sound like real people with real personalities, like more than just these mythical figures from history.”

Stewart ended by explaining that none of the delegates got exactly what they wanted, but that through compromise they were able to construct a Constitution that other nations have modeled theirs after, and that it was those differences that helped form it into such a worthwhile document.

Stewart’s lecture was the first in a series that will be presented by the Center for the Study of Democracy.  Next, the Center for the Study of Democracy will be presenting a lecture titled “Maryland’s Religious Tolerance:  The Legends, the Myths, and Some Facts” on October 4, 2009.

Food Not Bombs Co-Founder Speaks at St. Mary’s

Students pick up materials offered by Food Not Bombs co-founder Keith McHenry and give donations. (Photo by Rowan Copley)
Students pick up materials offered by Food Not Bombs co-founder Keith McHenry and give donations. (Photo by Rowan Copley)

On Friday, April 17, the co-founder of Food Not Bombs, Keith McHenry, gave a lecture on food and social justice.  The lecture was hosted by the Global Justice League.

Earlier that day, in the spirit of Food Not Bombs, the club handed out bagels that they retrieved while dumpster diving.

Food Not Bombs is an all-volunteer organization that works towards nonviolent social change.  Groups take food that would otherwise be thrown out and use it to make vegetarian and vegan dishes that are then served in public areas.  The organization also serves food at protests.

During his lecture, McHenry described how Food Not Bombs was started in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1980.  McHenry and his friends started having bake sales to raise money for their causes, one time dressing up in military uniforms (they claimed that they were selling baked goods to raise money to buy a B1 bomber) and another time dressing as hobos to serve soup.

They eventually started serving meals to protestors and Food Not Bombs was born. It had become an active organization in Cambridge by the time McHenry moved to San Francisco, where he started the second chapter of Food Not Bombs.

In San Francisco, McHenry began serving food to the homeless in Golden Gate Park.  “We’re one of the worst countries in the world for homelessness,” McHenry said.  However, the police tried to shut down the volunteer efforts.  According to “The Story of Food Not Bombs,” on the organization’s website, the San Francisco chapter has been arrested over one thousand times, “in government’s effort to silence its protest against the city’s anti-homeless policies.”

But nothing has stopped the movement.  McHenry credits part of the organization’s success to the fact that each chapter operates independantly.  “It’s totally been a benefit not to have a hierarchy,” he said.  Aside from enabling each local group to operate autonomously, the structure of the organization means that decisions can be made by consensus.   The movement can’t be disrupted because of the loss of a leader, said McHenry, because there is no single leader.  Nobody is looking to someone higher up for answers, so the ideas of Food Not Bombs can be reproduced anywhere in the world.

And they are.  Food Not Bombs has active chapters all over the world, in areas including Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Australia.  Groups work for different causes in different areas, but the principle ideas are the same.  Whether the chapters are serving food in the aftermath of a natural disaster, assisting anti-war efforts or protesting nuclear facilities, Food Not Bombs serves discarded or donated food to the people who need it and works towards social justice.

“The food has always been donated.  It’s food that’s being thrown away,” McHenry said.  Food Not Bombs has continued to be a nonviolent movement, despite the U.S. government’s accusation of terrorism and the arrests of many of the members.

“We’re organizing against these threats to our future and trying to create a future that we want to live in,” McHenry said.

“Keith McHenry is an amazing person,” said sophomore Aaron French. “One of those people who really have a great story to tell, and the audience at the event here really wanted to hear that story…His talk sparked student discussions about non hierarchical organizations, anarchy as a means of social justice, and most importantly of all: food!”

Ally Moore was the student who brought McHenry to campus.  “I started in September,” she said, beginning with emails as soon as school started.  Eventually, she got in contact with McHenry and, “he let me know that he was going to be on the East Coast in mid-April and gave us a time that he would be available.”

The Food Not Bombs lecture was really the Global Justice League’s first involvement with the organization.

“We had done a couple of dumpster diving trips and gone to D.C. to hand out food,” said Moore, “but since we’re in a rural place it’s harder to find food to distribute in a central area like it is in the city.”

The group is looking to practice the Food Not Bombs philosophy.  “If any other group on campus is having a protest, they can let us know and we’ll provide food for them,” Moore said.

St. Mary’s Alumna Gives Lecture on Homelessness in Arizona

Dr. M Trenna Solomon Valado, ’94, gave a talk entitled, “No Space to Exist: Homelessness in a Sanitized City,” concerning homelessness in Tucson, Arizona, and the ways in which homeless people cope with an increasingly hostile public environment.

Her talk was based on her own research, which focused on homeless people who live in public spaces. She interviewed 60 homeless people, 12 social service workers, and 8 law enforement officials.  She also selected a group of homeless people to act as research assistants, and paid each of them 20 dollars, and gave them disposable cameras to take pictures (she paid the homeless interviewees 10 dollars each).

Valado began her talk by detailing the history of the gentrification, and in her words, “sanitization” of Tucson that began in the 1960’s.  She spoke of the low-income housing, dinning, and temporary job opportunities that used to exist that had since been replaced with expensive neighborhoods and stores.

The gentrification of Tucson is mainly the work of neighborhood coalitions and organizations who want all of the homeless people off the street.  The fight against the homeless is so strong, that I 1999, Tucson was ranked as one of the meanest cities for homeless people to live in the U.S.

In Tucson they now have signs that say “no trespassing on city property,” they have dividers on their benches so that no one can lie down on them, and there is a half-hour limit for allowed time at the city bus station.

The city has also imposed strict regulations on garbage; many garbage cans have locks, and there are laws that say that once garbage has been put out on the street, it becomes the property of the city, so rummaging through it is illegal.  They have also fenced off the dried riverbeds and underpasses where the homeless used to camp.

Sophomore Lindsey Hunter who attended the lecture, was very surprised by the extent of the regulations, “most of the regulations that they’re trying to enforce against homeless people, fencing off areas, I found really bizarre.”

The social service buildings have also been dispersed around the city instead of being in a central location, so that the homeless people won’t congregate in a single area.

Although various measures have been taken in order to try to oust homeless people from any existing public space in the city, the homeless have responded by finding their own ways to privatize and re-appropriate elements of the public space.  “They’re very savy about property ownership – they use different characteristics of property ownership to their own benefit” explained Valado.

She discussed how some homeless people would spend time on Church property because they would be less likely to be kicked off, and about the fact that some homeless people made arrangement with private property owners who let them camp on their space overnight; in return, the homeless people would either clean up the area, or make sure that other people didn’t camp there as well.

Valado also explained the ways in which different people coped with their lives, citing alliances with other homeless friends, and the creation of a street family, a supportive social network that offered protection, psychological support, and in some cases information and money-sharing.  Many homeless people said that their street family treated them much better than their biological family ever did, and that they felt safer on the street.  First-year Maria Tolbert noted the importance of the fact that homlessness was “an improvement for some people.”

Valado contrasted the success of these support networks to social services.  She explained that many homeless people avoid social services entirely, in part due to the fact that the restrictions and regualations have become increasingly difficult.

Another problem comes from the fact homeless people can get felonies just by conducting their daily lives in Tucson, and once a person has a felony, they are automatically disqualified from all sorts of housing and job programs.

Although the legal system seems to be biased against the homeless, Valado said that the police themselves, had “a very nuanced understanding of homlessness.” Many of them wished that the laws would be changed.

For her part, Valado believes that “preventing people from trying to create a space for themselves in the urban landscape seems inhuman, [and] futile.”  She says that homeless people are just like everyone else. They are “trying to create mainstream ideas of home in their outdoor lives; they’re trying to create a sense of security, of ownership, of personalization, and of family.”

Teeing Up for 2011

Professor Alex Meadows plays mini-golf in the library. (Photo by Dave Chase)
Professor Alex Meadows of Team Parlament Mathadelic plays mini-golf in the library. (Photo by Dave Chase)

The library, typically a place of silence and study, was transformed into a 12 hole mini golf course on Friday, April 24th. With holes snaking through reference books, periodicals and even chairs, students and faculty had to demonstrate pro-level putting skills on this challenging par 45.

The fundraiser for the Class of 2011 was spear headed by Class President, Charles Onwuche. Organized last year by the Class of 2009, mini golf in the library is a new tradition at St. Mary’s. One that Class of 2009 President, Kalada Nemieboke, was gracious enough to let the Class of 2011 take over, according to Onwuche and a tradition that he hopes to pass on.

“We had a great turn out,” said Onwuche as he watched the last few groups finish up. Although he did not have a final count, Onwuche felt confident that the fund raiser was a success. The funds will go into the Class of 2011’s general account and will most likely be spent on the class’ Senior Week.

Whether it was on the 1st hole, ‘The Outback,’ located on the patio outside of the library or the final hole, which started at the top of the theater style classroom on the third floor of Baltimore hall, most golfers struggled to keep the ball from rolling too far on the unforgiving library floor. Putting the ball behind the holes, which were often made out of half a solo cup taped to the floor, also presented a challenge.

Not to Pete Karis, Studio Supervisor for the Art & Art History department, who managed a hole-in-one on the 9th hole. Also known as ‘The Magazine Maze,’ this hole featured a small ramp at the end of a row of periodicals on the second floor of the library. “All I could think of was Chevy Chase from [Caddy Shack] saying ‘nahnaanahnaa’,” reflected Karis.

“It was cool, really good times,” he added with enthusiasm, “they should do it every Friday afternoon.”

Mike Snow, Class of 2012, was hesitant at first but warmed up quickly saying, “the first couple of holes were kind of lame but the rest were really cool.” He also commented that he “thought it was a shame more people did not turn out.”

Of those who did show up, Team IPS came in first with the overall lowest score, followed closely by Team Fail in second place and Team Parlament Mathadelic in third.